The Working and Middle Class Disparities in Sports Participation among Girls Students of Hyderabad Disdtrict
- Working and Middle Class,
- Sports Participation
The present study is designed to examine social class differences in sport participations among girl students of Hyderabad District. It is assumed that working class girls will have greater participation in college competitive sports than the middle class girls do. A total of 120 participants were randomly selected from different colleges of Hyderabad District Sindh, consisting of sport participants and non-participants of college-girl students. The instruments that have been applied in the present study are personal information questionnaire, self-esteem questionnaire, adjective checklist, attitude towards out-door games and college principal information questionnaire. Different statistical procedures (e.g., reliability Coefficient, test, etc,) were applied to analyze the data by using Statistical package for Social Science (SPSS) The main objective of this study was to investigate the social class difference in the sport participants among female students in Hyderabad District Sindh, to provide mass awareness of sports and healthful activities to them and focus the attention of female students of Hyderabad District towards physical education and sports. The main colleges of the Hyderabad District were selected for the present study. The focus of the study was to undertake research on middle and working class participants. In this context other related factors such as social status, time spent by female students in sports, their problems like ethnic, societal and parental attitudes towards female sports are identified. The basic purpose of the study was also to survey sports facilities available in girls’ college, realizing the social class belongingness of sports participants, to measure self-esteem and self-adequacy of the female college students and to measure the attitude of people towards female sports. It also explores dominant factor that play a vital role in the development of attitudes of the youth that helped significantly in promoting the process of national integration. In view of the changing trends in respect of modernizing physical education, the present study is an attempt to 'divert the attention of the society towards female participation in sports and to give physical education a professional meaning for the integration and total development of girl’s personality; and to confirm whether female participants having social class difference have significant effect on their perception and self-esteem scores. Many parents feel that the impact of sports activities would negatively affect their body features. In our tradition bound society, number of widely held beliefs, though significantly inaccurate, this may be one of the-reasons for parents to discourage their daughters to participate in s ports. Due to in adequate knowledge of physical education and sports, it is believed that girls participation in competitive sports is physically dangerous, as they may eventually lose their femininity and harm delicate female reproductive system. This study has also dealt with to analyze the perceptions of female participants about being more affectionate, smart, physicality and socially strong and ,adjustable in tackling the affairs of the society in terms of understanding, predicting, communicating and controlling individuals. Further, to investigate whether female sport participants .have better capacity to cope up with the pressure of competition, crowd and its behavior, importance of winning, influence of coach, parents, friends, and observe the societal attitude 'with confidence to make them responsible citizens.