Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2013-03-30

A Comparison of Selected Biomechanical Parameters of Front Row Spike between Short Set and High Set Ball

Assistant Professor, Department of Physical Education, Jadavpur University, West Bengal-700032, India
Professor, Department of Physical Education, University of Kalyani, Nadia, West Bengal 741235, India
Volleyball spike intervarsity ball velocity


Introduction: The purpose of this study was to compare the selected biomechanical parameters of front row spike between short set and high set ball for intervarsity level volleyball players. Methods: Eight Intervarsity level male volleyball players (22.5±2.00 yrs, 1.78±0.05m and 65.09±6.83kg) were selected as the subjects for this study from University of Kalyani and Visva-Bharati University, West Bengal, India. All subjects were right-handed volleyball players. The players were allowed to have warm-up and trials. The action of short and high set ball spiking was recorded by a digital video camera (Sony, 24 fps). Recorded data were analyzed with the help of power DVD software. The selected kinematics variables were approach speed, jump height, duration of flight and ball velocity. The other segmental take off angles were also be studied in this study those were ankle angle, knee angle and hip angle. The mean, standard deviation and t-test was used for statistical analysis of the data. Result and Discussion: The results revealed that insignificant difference exists between short set and high set ball front row spike performance for intervarsity level volleyball players except jump height and duration of flight which were significantly differ for short set and high set ball front row spike. Conclusion: This study describes the kinematic characteristics of the male volleyball short set and high set front row spike. It was noted that short set front row spike had a greater approach speed and shorter duration of flight, jump height and ball velocity than that of high set front row spike.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. J. W. Bunn, (1972) Scientific principles of coaching, Englewood Cliffs, N.J, Prentice Hall Inc,
  2. G.H.G Dyson, (1977) The Mechanics of Athletes (7th ed.). New York, New York: Holmes &Meier,
  3. Endo Toshiro et al. (2008), A biomechanical analysis of pipe spike motion for elite male volleyball players in official games, ISBS Conference 2008, July 14-18, 2008, Seoul, Korea.
  4. J.G. Hay, J.G. Reid, (1982). The Anatomical and Mechanical Bases of Human Motion. Englewood Cliffs Nz: Prentice-Hall,
  5. C.F. Huang, G.C. Liu, T.Y. Sheu, (1998) A three dimensional analysis of the volleyball one-foot jump spike, ISBS‘98-Proceeding II.
  6. Kuhlman Class et al. (2007). Aspects of a three dimensional motion analysis of the volleyball spike in high level competition. XXV ISBS Symposium 2007, Ouro Preto-Brazil.
  7. J. Samson and B. Roy, (1976) Biomechanical analysis of the volleyball spike. In Biomechanics V-B (edited by P. Komi), pp.332-336. Baltimore, MD. : University Park Press.
  8. J. Prsala, Improve your spiking in volleyball, C. V. A. Volleyball Technical Journal, 7 (1982) 57-64.
  9. S. Coleman, A. Benham, S. Northcott, A Three-Dimensional Cinematographical Analysis of the Volleyball Spike, Journal of Sports Sciences, 11(4) (1993) 259-302.
  10. H. L. Saunder, (1980) A cinematographically study of the relationship between speed of movement and available force, (Unpublished doctoral dissertation) Texas A & M University, College Station.


How to Cite

Mondal, P., & Sudarsan Bhowmick. (2013). A Comparison of Selected Biomechanical Parameters of Front Row Spike between Short Set and High Set Ball. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 2(1), 1-5.

Copyrights & License