The game of softball is essentially skill related and needs perfection in throwing, catching, hitting and bases running skills. In addition to technical and tactical skills, muscular strength and power are important factors that give clear advantage for successful participation and performance during tournaments. Strength and conditioning programs for collegiate female athletes are important in helping to prepare them for the sport season, and being incorporated into training schedule can facilitate subsequent improvements in skills and technique. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of resistance training program on fitness profile of female university softball players. A total of 20 healthy female university players were involved in this study. All subjects completed pre-test assessments followed by 6 weeks of intervention training for experimental group (n=10), similar duration of the standard training for control group (n=10) and post-test assessments. Fitness tests included 30m run, sit ups, modified push-ups, standing broad jump, 6x10m agility shuttle run and softball throw. Independent and dependent t-test analyses were administered to compare the effects of administered training within and between the groups. Both groups demonstrated significant improvements at post-test assessment, most parameters in experimental group however showed superior improvements as compared to the control group at the time of the post- testing.
- D.J. Terbizan, M. Waldera, P. Seljevold and D.J. Schwiegert, Physiological characteristics of masters’ women fast pitch softball players, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 10 (1996) 157-196.
- T. Lachowetz, J. Evon and J. Pastiglione The effect of an upper body strength program on intercollegiate baseball throwing velocity. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 12 (1998) 116 – 119.
- O. Krasilshchikov (2014) Basics of Sports Training Methodology. SSS Publications, New Delhi, India, 2014. 221 p.
- J. Glasser, C. Anthony and W. Brown, Off-Season Training for Women’s Softball, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 21 (1999) 54-59
- J. Watkinson, A strength, speed, power approach to improving throwing velocity in baseball. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 19 (1997) 42 - 47.
- R.U. Newton and W.J. Kraemer, Developing explosive muscular power: Implications for a mixed methods training strategy, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 16 (1994) 20 - 30.
- C.E. Gronbech Off-season and pre-season specificity training for throwing, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 19 (1997) 20 – 22.
- M. Yessis, Training for Power Sports: Part 1, Strength and Conditioning Journal 16 (1994) 42 – 45.
- C. De Renne, K.W. Ho and J.C. Murphy, Effects of general, specific and specific resistance training on throwing velocity in baseball: A brief review, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,15 (2001) 148 – 156.
- G. Darden Baseball conditioning – Developing an effective preseason conditioning program, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 16 (1994) 42 – 49.
- A. Spassov, Special considerations when programming for strength and power for athletes: Part 1, National Strength and Conditioning Association Journal 10 (1988) 58 – 61.
- M.T. Jones, T.D. Matthews, M. Murray, J. Van Raalte and B.E. Jensen, Psychological correlates of performance in female athletes during a 12-week off- season strength and conditioning program, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24 (2010) 619–628
- M.C. Marques, R. van den Tillaar, J.D. Vescovi and J.J. Gonza´ lez-Badillo, Changes in strength and power performance in elite senior female professional volleyball players during the in-season: a case study. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22 (2008) 1147– 1155
- T. Stojanovic and K. Radmila, The effects of the plyometric sport training model on the development of the vertical jump of volleyball players, Physical Education Sport, 2 (2002) 1–12.
- D. Potter and L.V. Johnson (2007) Softball: steps to success (3rd edition). United States of America. Human Kinetics.