Vol 8 No 1 (2019): Volume 8, Issue 1, Year 2019
Highlighted Article

Can Collegiate Hockey Players Accurately Predict Regional and Total Body Physiologic Changes throughout the Competitive Season?

Nathan Chiarlitti
McGill Health and Fitness Promotion Lab in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave West, Room 101, Montréal, QC, Canada H2W 1S4
Patrick Delisle-Houde
McGill Health and Fitness Promotion Lab in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave West, Room 101, Montréal, QC, Canada H2W 1S4
Harlan R. Orr
McGill Health and Fitness Promotion Lab in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave West, Room 101, Montréal, QC, Canada H2W 1S4
Ryan ER. Reid
McGill Health and Fitness Promotion Lab in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave West, Room 101, Montréal, QC, Canada H2W 1S4.
Ross E. Andersen
McGill Health and Fitness Promotion Lab in the Department of Kinesiology and Physical Education, McGill University, 475 Pine Ave West, Room 101, Montréal, QC, Canada H2W 1S4.
Published January 20, 2019
Keywords
  • Athlete perceptions,
  • body composition,
  • university sport,
  • android fat,
  • visceral fat
How to Cite
Chiarlitti, N., Delisle-Houde, P., Orr, H. R., Reid, R. E., & Andersen, R. E. (2019). Can Collegiate Hockey Players Accurately Predict Regional and Total Body Physiologic Changes throughout the Competitive Season?. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 8(1), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.26524/ijpefs1911

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Abstract

A collegiate athlete’s body composition can fluctuate due to factors such as nutrition, sleep, and training load. As changes in body composition can affect an athlete’s level of performance, it may be beneficial if athlete’s can accurately predict these changes throughout a season. The purpose of this study was to determine how well a group of 23 male collegiate hockey players (age = 22.44 ± 1.16 years, height = 181.30 ± 6.99 cm, weight = 86.41 ± 8.32 kg) could predict their regional and total body lean and fat tissue mass throughout a hockey season (September to March). Total body, trunk, lower body, and upper body compositional changes were measured at the beginning and at the end of the competitive season using dual energy X-Ray absorptiometry (DXA). At the end of the season, a questionnaire was completed by each participant to explore how they perceived their body composition changes (losses or gains in lean tissue and fat mass) throughout the season. Overall, players had a difficult time identifying actual changes in lean tissue and fat mass throughout the season. Upper body fat and lean tissue changes were perceived most accurately, while perceptions of body fat were related to android adiposity but not visceral adiposity. These findings suggest that some regional areas of body composition changes may happen without being noticed. For strength and conditioning coaches, if athletes are made aware of these changes before they become exaggerated, proper dietary, and training adaptations can be made to enhance performance.

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