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The effect of different priming activities performed 24 hours prior to competition

Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK
Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Cardiff, UK
Performance, Potentiation, Priming activity, Strength, Hypertrophy, Power

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to examine if performing a lower body resistance training priming activity effects athletic performance completed 24 hours later. University level field hockey players (N = 10) completed 1 control (CON) and 2 experimental trials on separate days. A randomised, counter-balanced experimental design with cross-over was used across three conditions. The CON trial consisted of complete abstention from physical activity. For the ‘strength’ (STR) experimental trial participants performed a parallel back squat exercise for 5 sets of 2 repetitions with 90% 1RM; while for the ‘hypertrophy’ (HYP) experimental approach was 3 sets of 10 repetitions with 75% 1RM. Subjects attended a testing session 24 hours after each trial, consisting of CMJ, SJ, 22-cm DJ, 38-cm DJ and 40 m sprint. The 5 m sprint performance was significantly better (p < 0.05) for CON group when compared to the HYP group. No other significant differences were highlighted between trials. The results indicate that performing resistance training in-line with STR and HYP the day before competition does not improve athletes’ performance. The results also suggest how a lower body STR priming activity can be implemented the day before competition without negatively impact subsequent performance. For the strength and conditioning coach, this may be a useful window to train athletes during the ‘in-season’ schedule.

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How to Cite

Terenzi, J., & Moody, J. (2020). The effect of different priming activities performed 24 hours prior to competition. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 9(2), 79-89. https://doi.org/10.34256/ijpefs20210