Skip to main content Skip to main navigation menu Skip to site footer
Published: 2020-06-03

Functional state of the musculoskeletal system and injury rate among ice hockey players

Faculty of Sports, University of Presov, Slovak Republic
HC Košice, Slovak Republic
HK Poprad, Slovak Republic
HK Poprad, Slovak Republic
Ice hockey Training FMS Y balance test


Injuries in hockey need not be primarily caused by physical contact. The second category may include injuries caused by inappropriate loading, which in turn affects the state of the musculoskeletal system during matches or training sessions. As a result of this, in the 2018-19season, two elite senior hockey teams were tested for the functional state of the musculoskeletal system, which was also related to players’ ice time and the rate of injuries during the season. The sample included 30 hockey players (15 forwards, 12 defensemen, and 3 goalkeepers). Testing was carried out at the beginning of the season. Players performed the Y balance test and underwent FMS screening. The results showed that the shoulder region is most susceptible to injury. The hockey players suffered from hamstring muscle imbalance. Active ice time can be considered a determining parameter which can cause injury. However, its relationship with other variables has not been confirmed.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


  1. N. Biasca, S. Wirth, Y. Tegner, The availability of head and neck injuries in ice hockey: an historical review, British Journal of Sports Medicine, 36 (2002) 410-427.
  2. M.M. Simmons, D.I. Swedler, Z. Y. Kerr, Injury surveillance of head, neck and facial injuries in collegiate ice hockey players, 2009-2010 through 2013-2014 academic years, Journal of Athletic Training, 52 (2017) 776-784.
  3. L. MacCormick, T.M. Best, D.C. Flanigan, Are there differences in ice hockey injuries between sexes? A systematic review, Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine, 2 (2014).
  4. A.S. Donskov, D. Humphreys, J.P. Dickey, What Is Injury in Ice Hockey: An Integrative Literature Review on Injury Rates, Injury Definition, and Athlete Exposure in Men’s Elite Ice Hockey, Sports, 7 (2019) 227.
  5. C.H. Tator, D.J. Carson, R. Cushman, Hockey injuries of the spine in Canada, 1966-1996, Canadian Medical Association Journal, 162 (2000) 787-788.
  6. G. Cook, L. Burton, K. Kiesel, G. Rose, M. Bryant, Movement: Functional Movement System: Screening, Assessment, Corrective strategies, The Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association, 56 (2012), 316.
  7. G. Cook, (2003) Athletic body in balance (First Edition), Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
  8. P. Kolář, et al., Rehabilitace v klinické praxi, Praha: Galen. Slovak Republic.
  9. M. Tuominen, J. M. Stuart, M. Aubry, P. Kannus, J. Parkkari, Injuries in men’s international ice hockey: a 7-year study of the International Ice Hockey Federation Adult World Championship Tournaments and Olympic Winter Games, British Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 49 (2015) 30-36.
  10. B.W. Benson, W.H. Meeuwisse, Ice hockey injuries, Medicine and Sport Science, 49 (2005) 86-119.
  11. K. Měkota, P. Blahuš, (1983), Motorické testy v tělesné výchově, Praha: Státní pedagogické nakladatelství.
  12. G. Cook, L. Burton, B.J. Hoogenboom, M. Voight, Functional movement screening: the use of fundamental movements as an assessment of function - Part 1, International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 9 (2014) 396–409
  13. Ontario Minor Hockey Association, (2016), The science of scoring. Available from:
  14. M. Kokinda, M. Turek, (2015) Výber a príprava mladých hokejistov, Prešov: Fakulta Športu, Prešovskej univerzity v Prešove, HC Košice (Publishing Company).
  15. M. Kokinda, M. Jesenský, R. Kandráč, D. Kičura, M. Turek, E. Chovanová, Examination of age-related core stability and dynamic balance in hockey players, Sport Mont, 16 (2018), 21-26.
  16. -19 NHL STATS AND LEADERS: Regular Season, Ice Time. Available from:


How to Cite

Kokinda, M., Kicura, D., Kandrac, R., & Fabian, S. (2020). Functional state of the musculoskeletal system and injury rate among ice hockey players. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 9(2), 30-36.

Copyrights & License