Vol. 9 No. 1 (2020): Volume 9, Issue 1, Year 2020
Articles

The acute effects of intracomplex rest intervals on rate of force development and ballistic performance responses following strength-power complex training in talent-identified adolescent rugby players

Samuel John Collins
Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Cardiff CF5 2YB, United Kingdom
Jeremy Moody
Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Cardiff CF5 2YB, United Kingdom
Bio
Joseph Esformes
Cardiff School of Sport and Health Sciences, Cardiff Metropolitan University, Llandaff Campus, Cardiff CF5 2YB, United Kingdom
Bio
Published February 25, 2020
Keywords
  • Complex training,
  • Adolescent,
  • Rugby Union,
  • Intracomplex rest interval (ICRI),
  • e of force development (RFD),
  • Countermovement jump (CMJ)
  • ...More
    Less
How to Cite
Collins, S. J., Moody, J., & Esformes, J. (2020). The acute effects of intracomplex rest intervals on rate of force development and ballistic performance responses following strength-power complex training in talent-identified adolescent rugby players. International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports, 9(1), 1-15. https://doi.org/10.34256/ijpefs2011

Plum Analytics

Abstract

This study investigated the effects of a strength-power complex on subsequent ballistic activity (BA) performance responses across a profile of jumps in adolescent talent-identified rugby players. Rate of force development (RFD) and BA performance responses was recorded in 22 participants over four intracomplex rest intervals (ICRI) (15s, 30s, 45s, 60s) following a complex of 3 repetitions of back squat @80% 1RM and 7 countermovement jumps (CMJs) in a randomised, counterbalanced design. Within subjects, repeated measures ANOVAs were conducted on peak rate of force development (PRFD), time to peak rate of force development (TPRFD), peak force (PF), and time to a peak force (TPF). Confidence limits were set at ±90% and effect size across the sample (partial ɳ²) was calculated across P1-P4 for all jump profiles. No significant effects were observed across jump profiles or ICRI. The research confirms RFD and BA performance responses were maintained across all jump profiles and each ICRI. In contrast to previous research, the use of minimal ICRI of 15s, 30s, 45s and 60s following strength-power complex training is a practical time-efficient means of maintaining RFD and BA performance responses across jump profiles of seven jumps, which has important implications in practical coaching environments.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

  1. C.K. Argus, N.D. Gill, J.W.L. Keogh, Characterization of the Differences in Strength and Power between different levels of competition in rugby union athletes, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26 (2012) 2698–2704.
  2. R.S. Lloyd, J.L. Oliver, A.D. Faigenbaum, R. Howard, M.B.A. De Ste Croix, C.A. Williams, D.P.H. Thomas, D.L. Disa, J.B.M. Cronin, D. Gregory, Long-Term Athletic Development- Part 1, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 29 (2015) 1439–50.
  3. D.T. McMaster, M.R. Mcguigan, N.D. Gill, Strength and Power Training for Rugby. In: C. Twist, P. Worsfold, editors, The Science of Rugby, 1st ed. New York: Routledge; 2015.
  4. S. Cobley, K. Till, Talent identification, Development, and the Young Rugby Player. In: C. Twist, P. Worsfold, editors, The Science of Rugby, 1st ed. New York: Routledge; 2015.
  5. S.S. Plisk, Effective needs analysis and functional training principles. In: I. Jeffreys, J. Moody, editors. Strength and Conditioning For Sports Performance,1st ed. New York: Routledge; 2016.
  6. V.M. Zatsiorsky, W.J. Kraemer, Science and practice of strength training, 2nd edition, Human Kinetics; 2006.
  7. Y. Verkhoshansky, M. Siff, Supertraining. 6th ed. Rome: Verkhoshansky SSTM; 2009.
  8. K. Skinner, T. Pelot, J. Stitz, The Efficacy of Vertical Jump Assessments in Athletic Population – P, Olympic Coach, 28 (2017) 1–46.
  9. C.P. McLellan, D.I. Lovell, G.C. Gass, the Role of Rate of Force Development on Vertical Jump Performance, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25 (2011) 379–385.
  10. P. Floria, Gomez-Landero, A. Luis, L. Suarez-Arrones, A.J. Harrison, Kinetic and kinematic analysis for assessing the differences in counter-movement jump performance in Rugby, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 30 (2016) 2533-2539.
  11. J. Carter, M. Greenwood, Complex Training Reexamined : Review and Recommendations to Improve Strength and Power, Strength and conditioning Journal, 36 (2014) 11–19.
  12. J. Lim, J.J.H. Lim, C.I. Barley, Complex Training for Power Development : Practical Applications for Program Design, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 38 (2016) 33–43.
  13. C.W. Dobbs, N.D. Gill, D.J. Smart, M.R. McGuigan, The training effect of short term enhancement from complex pairing on horizontal and vertical countermovement and drop jump performance, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, Publish Ahead of Print. (2015).
  14. L.B. Seitz, E. De Villereal, G.G. Haff, The Temporal Profile of Postactivation potentiation is related to strength level, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 (2014) 706–15.
  15. A.N. Turner, S. Maloney, J. Cree, Postactivation Potentiation and Change of Direction Speed in Elite Academy Rugby Players, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 33 (2019) 1551-1556.
  16. T.M. Comyns, A.J. Harrison, L.K. Hennessy, Effect of squatting on sprinting performance and repeated exposure to complex training in male rugby players, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 24 (2010) 610–618.
  17. T.M. Comyns, A.J. Harrison, L.K. Hennessy, R.L. Jensen, The Optimal Complex Training Rest Interval for Athletes from Anaerobic Sports, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 20 (2006) 471-476.
  18. R. Healy, T. Comyns, R. Healy, T.M. Comyns, The Application of Postactivation Potentiation Methods to Improve Sprint Speed, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 39 (2017) 1–8.
  19. K. Ali, M.H. Ejaz, S. Verma, I. Ahmad, Complex Training : An Update Journal of Athletic Complex Training : An Update, Journal of Athletic Enhancement, 26 (2017).
  20. P. Aagaard, E.E.B. Simonsen, J.L. Andersen, P. Magnusson, P. Dyhre-Poulsen, Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training, Journal of Applied Physiology, 93 (2002) 1318–1326.
  21. I. Jeffreys, Warm-Up and Flexibility Training. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring, 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  22. N.A. Maffiuletti, P. Aagaard, A.J. Blazevich, J. Folland, N. Tillin, J. Duchateau, Rate of force development : physiological and methodological considerations, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116 (2016) 1091–1116.
  23. B. De Weese, S. Nimphius, Program Design and technique for Speed and Agility Training. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring, 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  24. D. French, Adaptations to Anaerobic Training Programs. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring. 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  25. M.A. Mina, A.J. Blazevich, G. Giakas, A.D. Kay, Influence of Variable Resistance Loading on Subsequent Free Weight Maximal Back Squat Performance, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28 (2014) 2988–2995.
  26. J.I. Esformes, T.M. Bampouras, Effect of Back Squat Depth on Lower-Body Postactivation Potentiation, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27 (2013) 2997–3000.
  27. A. Guellich, A. Güllich, D. Schmidtbleicher, MVC-induced short-term potentiation of explosive force, New Studies In Athletics, 4 (1996) 67-84.
  28. H.R. Bevan, N.J. Owen, D.J. Cunningham, M.I.C. Kingsley, L.P. Kilduff, Complex training in professional rugby players: influence of recovery time on upper-body power output, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23 (2009) 1780–1785.
  29. T.J. Suchomel, H.S. Lamont, G.L. Moir, Understanding Vertical Jump Potentiation : A Deterministic Model Understanding Vertical Jump Potentiation : A Deterministic, Sport Medicine, 46 (2016) 809-828.
  30. M.A.B. Batista, H. Roschel, R. Barroso, C. Ugrinowitsch, V. Tricoli, Influence of strength training background on postactivation potentiation response, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 25 (2011) 2496–502.
  31. D. McMaster, N. Gill, M. McGuigan, J. Cronin, Effects of Complex Strength and Ballistic Training on Maximum Strength, Sprint Ability and Force-Velocity-Power Profiles of Semi-Professional Rugby Union Players, Journal of Australian Strength and Conditioning, 22 (2014) 17–30.
  32. G.G. Haff, A. Whitley, J.A. Potteiger, A Brief Review: Explosive Exercises and Sports Performance, Strength and Conditioning Journal, 23 (2001) 13-20.
  33. B.F. de Salles , R. Simão , F. Miranda , S. Novaes Jda , A. Lemos , J.M. Willardson, Rest Interval between Sets in Strength Training, Sports Medicine, 39 (2009) 765–777.
  34. A.D. Faigenbaum, N.A. Ratamess, J. McFarland, J. Kaczmarek, M.J. Coraggio, J. Kang, J.R. Hoffman, Effect of Rest Interval Length on Bench Press Performance in Boys, Teens, and Men, Pediatric Exercise Science, 20 (2008) 457–469.
  35. Haff, Guy Gregory, Whitley, Adrian, McCoy, Lora, B., O/Bryant, Harold S., Kilgore, Lon, Haff, Erin E., Pierce K and, Stone MH. Effects of Different Set Configurations on Barbell Velocity and Displacement During a Clean Pull Effects of Different Set Configurations on Barbell. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2003;4287:95–103.
  36. J.P. Hardee , M.M. Lawrence , A.C. Utter , N.T. Triplett , K.A. Zwetsloot , J.M. McBride, Effect of inter-repetition rest on ratings of perceived exertion during multiple sets of the power clean, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 112 (2012) 3141–3147.
  37. J.J. Tufano , J.A. Conlon , S. Nimphius , L.E. Brown , H.G. Banyard , B.D. Williamson , L.G. Bishop , A.J. Hopper , G.G. Haff , Cluster Sets : Permitting Greater Mechanical Stress Without Decreasing Relative Velocity, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 12 (2017) 463–469.
  38. J.J. Tufano, J.A. Conlon, S. Nimphius, L.E. Brown, L.B. Seitz, B.D. Williamson, G.G. Haff, Maintenance of velocity and power with cluster sets during high-volume back squats, International journal of sports physiology and performance, 11 (2016) 885-892.
  39. K.T. Hansen, J.B. Cronin, M.J. Newton, The Effect of Cluster Loading on Force, Velocity , and Power During Ballistic Jump Squat Training, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6 (2011) 455–68.
  40. R.L. Jensen, W.P. Ebben, Kinetic analysis of complex training rest interval effect on vertical jump performance, Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 17 (2003) 345–9.
  41. B. Falk, R. Dolan, Child-Adult Differences in the Recovery from Child-Adult Differences in the Recovery from High-Intensity Exercise, Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 34 (2006) 107-112.
  42. M.R. Mcguigan Administration, Scoring and Interpretation of Selected Tests. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring. 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  43. M. Mcguigan, Principles of Test Selection and Administration. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring. 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  44. J. Sheppard, N.T. Triplett, Program Design for Resistance Training. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring. 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.
  45. G.C. Bogdanis, M.E. Nevill, L.H. Boobis, H.K.A. Lakomy, A.M. Nevill, Recovery of power output and muscle metabolites following 30 s of maximal sprint cycling in man, The Journal of Physiology, 482 (1995) 467–480.
  46. C.J. Mitchell, D.G. Sale, Enhancement of jump performance after a 5-RM squat is associated with postactivation potentiation, European Journal of Applied Physiology, 111 (2011) 1957–63.
  47. A. Batterham and W.G. Hopkins, Commentary on making meaningful inferences about magnitudes, International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance 1 (2006) 50-57.
  48. W.G. Hopkins, A spreadsheet for deriving a confidence interval, mechanistic inference and clinical inference from a p value, Sportscience, 11 (2007) 16-20.
  49. D. Potach, D. Chu, Program Design and Technique for Plyometric Training. In: G.G. Haff, N.T. Triplett, editors. Essentials of Strength Training and Monitoring, 4th ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2016.