International Journal of Physical Education, Fitness and Sports https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs en-US editor@ijpefs.com (Dr. B. Chittibabu) contact@ijpefs.com (IJPEFS) Sun, 30 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 OJS 3.1.1.4 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Neuromuscular and Bounce Drop-Jump Responses to Different Inter-Repetition Rest Intervals during A Composite Training Session in Hurling Players https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/236 <p>The purposes of this study were to a) compare a 4-min to an 8-min rest interval between composite training (jump-sprint combination) repetitions in a single session to allow for the recovery of neuromuscular and bounce drop-jump (BDJ) performance and b) investigate if super compensation would occur after 168hrs of rest. Twelve players were randomly assigned to either a 4-min or an 8-min rest interval group. Participants first completed a BDJ test to identify individual BDJ drop heights followed by a 20m sprint test. Seventy-two hours later, a composite training session of two repetitions (three BDJs followed by a 20m sprint after a 15s rest) with either a 4-min or an 8-min rest interval was performed. A three repetition maximum (3RM) back squat strength test, a BDJ, countermovement jump (CMJ) and a sprint performance test were completed 10-mins pre- and immediately post-session, and 168 hrs post-session. CMJ force (8-min group) and BDJ (height and reactive strength index (RSI)) measures decreased significantly post-session (4-min and 8-min groups; P ≤ 0.05). Pre-session to 168 hrs post-session, relative 3RM back squat strength and 20m sprint performance increased significantly for the 4-min group only (P ≤ 0.05). In conclusion, a 4-min composite training inter-repetition rest interval leads to a significant decline in BDJ measures (RSI and jump height) which may act as fatigue markers for monitoring. However, 4-mins provides sufficient recovery during the session which, in conjunction with 168 hrs of recovery, causes super compensation in neuromuscular performance in hurling players.</p> Paul J Byrne, Jeremy Moody, Stephen-Mark Cooper, Sharon Kinsella ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/236 Thu, 29 Nov 2018 10:11:29 +0000 A Comparison of Physiological Demand between Self-Propelled and Motorized Treadmill Exercise https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/218 <p>There are a wide range of options for individuals to choose from in order to engage in aerobic exercise; from outdoor running to computer controlled and self-propelled treadmills. Recently, self-propelled treadmills have increased in popularity and provide an alternative to a motorized treadmill. Twenty subjects (10 men, 10 women) ranging in age from 19-23 with a mean of 20.4 ± 0.8 SD were participants in this study. The subjects visited the laboratory on three occasions. The purpose of the first visit was to familiarize the subject with the self-propelled treadmill (Woodway Curve 3.0). The second visit, subjects were instructed to run on the self-propelled treadmill for 3km at a self-determined pace. Speed data were collected directly from the self-propelled treadmill. The third visit used speed data collected during the self-propelled treadmill run to create an identically paced 3km run for the subjects to perform on a motorized treadmill (COSMED T150). During both the second and third visit, oxygen consumption (VO<sub>2</sub>) and respiratory exchange ratio (R) data were collected with COSMED’s Quark cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) metabolic mixing chamber system. The VO<sub>2</sub> mean value for the self-propelled treadmill (44.90 ± 1.65 SE ml/kg/min) was significantly greater than the motorized treadmill (34.38 ± 1.39 SE ml/kg/min). The mean R value for the self-propelled treadmill (0.91 ± 0.01 SE) was significantly greater than the motorized treadmill (0.86 ± 0.01 SE). Our study demonstrated that a 3km run on a self-propelled treadmill does elicit a greater physiological response than a 3km run at on a standard motorized treadmill. Self-propelled treadmills provide a mode of exercise that offers increased training loads and should be considered as an alternative to motorized treadmills.</p> Todd Backes, Charlene Takacs ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/218 Mon, 17 Dec 2018 15:50:41 +0000 A Comparison of the Technique of the 180° Cutting Maneuver Performed on Grass and on a Hardwood Floor https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/233 <p>The 180º cutting maneuver (also known as the 505 drill) is commonly seen in field and court sports, and it consists of a 15 m run up to a turning point, followed by a timed stop and 180º change of direction for 5 m. The purpose of this study was to determine the most effective joint movements, limb velocities and body positions to perform the 180º cutting maneuver.&nbsp; Additionally, the study compared the kinematics of the 505 drill performed indoors while wearing running shoes and outdoors while wearing cleats.&nbsp; For this study, twelve athletes executed the 505 drill indoors while wearing running shoes, and twelve executed the 505 drill outdoors while wearing cleats.&nbsp; Fifty nine independent variables were measured for each athlete and compared to the athlete’s time to complete the test.&nbsp; Mean test time was 2.27 seconds for the indoor group and a significantly lower 2.47 s for the outdoor group. Correlation analysis and forward stepwise multiple regression analysis was performed on both groups to determine which variables were significantly related to test time.&nbsp; Trunk forward lean at push off of the jab leg was most highly correlated to test time for the indoor athletes (r= -0.887), however, flexion at maximum flexion of the jab knee was most highly correlated to test time for the outdoor group (r= -0.748).&nbsp; Outdoor athletes could benefit from assuming a lower and more flexed body position similar to the indoor athletes and attain a greater degree of trunk lean at jab leg touchdown.</p> Brad Gerbrandt, Marion Joyce Alexander, David Telles-Langdon ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/233 Mon, 17 Dec 2018 16:24:58 +0000 Internal load in elite young soccer players during a whole season according to playing positions https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/253 <p>The aims of this study were 1) to compare the internal load, measured as session rating of perceived exertion (s-RPE), between training sessions and official matches among playing positions in young elite soccer players and 2) to analyze the s-RPE association between training and official match-play. Nineteen young elite soccer players who competed in the Spanish First Division Under-19 Championship participated in this study. Internal load was registered during 120 training sessions and during 30 official matches. Only the players who participated in all the weekly sessions and played at least 70 min were included in the further analysis. No significant differences (P &gt; 0.05, ES = -0.57/0.62) among playing positions were found in the s-RPE registered by soccer players in training sessions, official matches nor in the total sessions. On the other side, higher s-RPE was observed during trainings in comparison to matches in each playing position (P &lt; 0.001, ES = 5.51-30.77). However, no association was observed between training s-RPE and match s-RPE for the whole of the players (P = 0.60, r = 0.04), nor for each specific playing positions (P = 0.29-0.89, r = -0.11/0.16). These findings could be useful for coaches in order to plan the distribution of the weekly training load. Nonetheless, it is also suggested that internal load monitoring cannot be confidently used, in isolation, as a tool to detect differences in the match-play demands, attending to playing positions, in young soccer players. Thus, the use of both internal (i.e., s-RPE) and external (i.e., global positioning system measures) load is suggested to manage the training and match load and to prescribe the training sessions appropriately.</p> Daniel Castillo, Javier Raya-González ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/253 Sun, 30 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000 Effect of a-Week Summer Camp on the Hopelessness and Self-Esteem of the University Students Attending Sport Sciences Faculty https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/261 <p>The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of participation in a 1-week summer camp on thehopelessness and self-esteem of the university students attending Sport Sciences Faculty. Participants were 36university students assigned to experiment group using a random procedure. Coopersmith Self-esteem and Beck Hopelessness Scales were completed at the beginning and end of the summer camp by designed the university. The obtained data were analysed in the SPSS 18.0 program and the significance level was taken as 0.05. The descriptive statistics, independent simple t test, paired simple t test and Pearson correlation were used for analyse the data in the study. According to the results of the research, no significant difference was observed in the comparison of the hopelessness and self-esteem levels between pre and post-test. In addition, there was a significant difference in the hopelessness level of male and female students but any significant difference was not observed in terms of self-esteem. There was a significant relationship between hopelessness and self-esteem pre and post-test. These result shows that a 1-week summer camp cannot change the hopelessness or self-esteem level. However, as the self-esteem rises, the rate of despair decreases whereas as the despair rises, the selfesteem decreases.</p> Korkmaz YİĞİTER, Hakan TOSUN ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://ijpefs.com/index.php/ijpefs/article/view/261 Sun, 30 Dec 2018 00:00:00 +0000